Ceremonies, Celebrations and Festivals of Sikh Culture

Ceremonies, Celebrations and Festivals of Sikh Culture

Sikhs faith that the birth of an individual is a special present from Almighty and must therefore be celebrated. They also faith that a human being has many reincarnations. The birth of someone as a individual is special as it pffers the opportunity for the human to become closer to Lord.

Naam Karan

Naam Karan

Sikhs mark the birth of a baby through a naming ritual denoted as Naam Karan. This is a special ritual that occurs at the gurdwara around two weeks after the birth of the baby.

Features of the ceremony include:

  • everyperson makes an offering to the Guru Granth Sahib
  • the parents give a donation for Prasad or make Karah Parshad 
  • the family give out the gurdwara something special, such as a rumalla
  • the Mool Mantar is said to thank Almighty for the precious present of life
  • the sangat recite prayers of thanks
  • the child is given a spoonful of amrit component

Sikh is a religion where Punjabis hail from the Punjab state. As Sikhism originated out in Punjab, it only makes a lot of sense that most Sikhs are Punjabi and speak up the Punjabi language. Punjabis as well are found all over the nation and do not certainly have to be Sikh.



The Sikh wedding event began off with a engagement or kurmai ritual.

Akhand paath: The families initiate off the Sikh wedding ceremonies and rituals by reading the complete Guru Granth Sahib. After this, the wedding date has been fixed.

After all these ceremonies, both families present each other with so many gifts. The groom and bride exchange rings.

Chunni Chadai

Chunni Chadai

After the kurmai, the groom’s family ones go to bride place and his mom emblematic way covering up the bride’s head with a chunni. His family also presents the bride with dresses, shoes, ornaments, etc.

Mehndi and Chooda Ceremony

Mehndi and Chooda Ceremony

Chuda and Mehndi rituals are often done together. Mehndi is when the bride gets her feet, arms and hands decorated in beautiful henna designs.  



A Sikh wedding ceremony where the groom and bride are not permitted to leave their respective homes before the day of the wedding.



It is another Sikh ceremony where a red thread is tied to the groom’s right and bride’s left hand. It is said to be holy and shield them from poor omens.

Vatna /Haldi


This is same to the Hindu Haldi ritual. A paste of mustard oil and turmeric powder is applied to the groom and bride before the wedding for a usual glow.



In Sikh wedding ritual, holy water is lead from the Gurudwara and the bride and groom suppose to bathe with this water. The water is to be conducted by the sisters-in-law of the couple in gharoli or to say an earthen pot.




After the groom is dressed up in his marriage wedding attire, he moves towards the wedding venue. He is go along by his wedding parade comprises of close buds and family people who sing and dance along the route to the venue.



This is a Sikh wedding ritual where the bride’s family people honour the groom as he reaches towards the wedding venue. They offer the groom money and presents. Often, they do exchange garlands.

Anand Karaj

Anand Karaj

This refers to the main Sikh wedding ritual. Anand Karaj interpret to ‘blissful union’.
The families go into the Gurudwara to address the Kirtan which is a combination of religious songs that are listened and sung.  A guru granth sahib, the holy scripture of the Sikhs is escort out and the clergyman at the Gurudwara then chanted ardas (a set of prayers) while the groom and bride are seated.

Laavan Pheras

Laavan Pheras

Laavan are the four prayers that fasten the marriage.
The groom’s shawl/dupatta and The bride’s pallu are tied together as a mark of unity. They then take rounds around the holy book, the guru granth sahib as the laavan is recited. The groom lead the way as rounds holding a sword (kripan).

Karah Prasad

Karah Prasad

A ritual sweet is given to the guests. The sweet is either mould up by the bride’s family people or by the gurudwara in some method and considered holy and blessed.



An occasion that took place to observe the newly married couple and their married life in the future. drink and Food is served and a lot of joy takes place.

Pag Phere

Pag Phere

When the couple do go to the bride’s house for the foremost time after the wedding, they receive a warm welcome with gifts and an elaborate meal.

What is turban ritual or ceremony?

It is a ritual directed upon the death of the oldest male individual in a family, in which the eldest surviving male person of the family is presented with a turban and announced the new lead of the family in the attendance of the extended clan or family.

What are the Sikh ritual?

Sikhs who have been go through the Amrit Sanskar or Amrit ritual of initiation, become baptised Sikhs, wear the 5 Ks and take new names. The Amrit ritual is the initiation rite launched by Guru Gobind Singh when he set up the Khalsa in 1699.

Who ties out the turban during the sikh ceremony?

The ritual is conducted upon the death of the elder male person in a family, in which the eldest surviving male individual of the family tie up a turban (pagri) on his head in the existence of the extended clan or family.

What occurs during the Sikh naming ritual?

Many Sikhs will name their child on the fortieth day after birth in a simple baby naming ritual (Nam Karan). A prayer (Ardas) is declaimed. The Guru Granth Sahib is then opened at casual and the foremost letter from the top of the left page is utilized as the initial letter of the name of the baby.

Why is the naming ceremony significant?

It is an opportunity to declare the name that has been selected for a baby and to honour a child into the family and wider society. … The selection of a name is one of the most significant decisions a parent has to make. It is one of the kids foremost milestones and can form out its future.

What is the hugest Sikh celebration?


Also called

Visakhī, Baisakhi

Observed by

Sikhs, some Hindus


Solar new year harvest festival, birth of the Khalsa


processions and Fairs, temple decorations

What do you mean by amrit ceremony?

It is a ritual of initiation into the Khalsa. The human may be an teenage but is more frequently an adult. The ritual is directed by five initiated Sikhs (familiar as the Panj Piare or ‘five loved ones’) who wore traditional dark blue, orange /yellow or white clothes, and all are having the Five Ks .

What is a Sikh naming ceremony denoted?

Sikhs observed the birth of a kid through a naming ceremony named Naam Karan . This is a special ritual that occurs at the gurdwara around two weeks after the birth of the toddler.

How is naming ceremony perform?

The foremost name is normally the day of the week on which the kid was born. If it is a male kid, the godfather done the ritual. if it is a female kid, the godmother done the ritual. Some sacred beads are placed on the kid, and clay marks specific to this ritual are put on the mother and child.

Who carry out a naming ceremony?

The celebrant will do spend time getting to understand your family so they do perform a ceremony which is meaningful and personal. Together with the merrymaker, parents discuss poems, readings, promises, music and rituals they might like.

How do Sikh observed death?

Sikhs faith in mourning silently and privately; they are disheartened from showing up of public displays of feelings. Instead, to grieve the loss of a loved one, the family people and friends will assemble at the gurdwara where funeral prayers recited and hymns are sung.

What do you mean by bhog ceremony?

The term Bhog is utilized in the Sikh religion for rituals that are completed along with the reading of the concluding chunk of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Bhog ceremony also takes place when a community or a family decides to go for a moderate reading of the holy book (Sahaj Path).

What do you mean by Barsi Sikhism?

On the foremost anniversary of the human death, the family get together and take on ‘Barsi’, prayer. They then have a meal. This is not a blue occasion but is seen as a manner to remember the deceased and honouring their life.

What do you signify by Akhand Path?

It is the non-stop continual reading of the Guru Granth Sahib from beginning to end. This reading is finished over 48 hours by many individuals and lasts through the night and day until all 1,430 pages of the sacred holy writ have been read.

What are the major celebrations of Sikhism?

Thoses involve Parkash Utsavs (Birth anniversaries of 8 Sikh gurus), Gurgadi Divas (passing up of guruship), Jyotijot Divas (death anniversaries of some Sikh gurus), Basant Festival of kites which is observed in Chheharta Sahib Gurdwara in the small town of Wadali where in 1595, Sri Guru Hargobind Ji was born.

What Sikh festival is at present?

Guru Govind Singh Jayanti is a public holiday. It is a day off for the common population, and businesses and most schools are closed. Many Sikhs go to the shrine during the marking of the Guru’s birthday.

What are the holidays Sikh celebrate?

Vaisakhi – the Sikh New Year festival – is one of the significant dates in the Sikh calendar. It celebrates the beginning of the Punjabi New Year, but it is also a day to mark 1699 – the year when Sikhism was born as a communal faith.

What are the most significant Sikh festivals?

List of Sikh festivals


Date Observed

Sikh New Year

March 13 or 14

Holla Mohalla



April 14

Martyrdom of Guru Arjan

June 16

Why are Sikh festivals significant?

A festival is a time of joy and celebration. Sikhs observed many festivals throughout the year. These festivals are times when Sikhs all over the universe come together as a community to honour and remember significant dates and events.

What is the Sikh tradition?

In the Sikh culture, a truly religious individual is one who plough the spiritual self while also helping the communities around them – or a saint-soldier. … Like the blogs of faith, Sikhs consider their turbans as presents given by their beloved gurus, and its definition is deep way personal.

What festival do followers of Sikhism observed?

Guru Nanak Jayanti, also familiar as Gurpurab, is the most significant festival for the enthusiast of the religion of Sikhism. It is honoured to observed the birth anniversary of the initial Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak Dev.

What is a Sikh celebration?

Baisakhi, is the festival which honoured Sikh New Year and the set up of the Sikh community in 1699, familiar as the Khalsa . It is marked on 13 or 14 April and initiated as a harvest festival in the Punjab state before it became the Sikhs’ most significant festival.

What is the common celebration of Gurudwara named?

Baisakhi is a customary harvest time festival feasted by Hindus and Sikhs, having been remarked in the Punjab zone for a long period of time.

How many festivals are included in Sikhism?

There are something (around 45) festivals that are celebrated at a much tiny scale with some being centred in particular towns or zones that are not involved.

Why do sikh celebrate Baisakhi?

Vaisakhi is a spring harvest time festival. It symbols the Sikh new year and salute the formation of Khalsa panth of soldiers under Guru Gobind Singh in 1699. It is also an earliest festival of Hindus, tag the Solar New Year and also honour the spring harvest.

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