Surprising Facts About Punjab, India-
The Indian Punjab region came into existence after independence on 15 Aug 1947. Punjab in its present form was created on 31 Oct 1966 after the separation of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana.
The faith of the Sikh originated in the Punjab region during the 15th and 16th centuries. Guru Nanak founded a new religion followed by the 9 Gurus.
Guru Ram Das laid the foundation of the present city Amritsar.
Guru Arjun Dev co-founded Adi Granth. His son Guru Har Gobind trained his followers in martial arts.
The Sikh empire (1801 – 1849) was formed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
Local facts about Punjab
- Punjab borders 4 regions – Jammu and Kashmir in the north, Himachal Pradesh in the northeast, Haryana in the south, and Rajasthan in the southwest.
- Punjab shares its international border with western Pakistan. The length of the international border with Pakistan is 425 Km.
- The land is very fertile as it is irrigated by Indus, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej, and Ghaggar (literal description of Punjab’s 5 rivers).
- The word Punjab is made up of two words – “Punj” means five and “ab” means water.
- The Amritsar region of Punjab is large in size and population.
- Social and Cultural Facts about Punjab
- interesting facts about Punjab
- The Harminder Sahib Golden Temple of Amritsar
- The Sikh shrine, Harminder sahib (Temple of Gold) is located in the city of Amritsar. The city of Amritsar was founded by Sikh Guru Ram Das IV and the temple was designed by Guru Arjan VIII. The temple in its original condition was rebuilt by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia in 1764. The gold cover was placed over the mill by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
- Of the five Takht of Sikhism, three of Punjab – are the Sri Akal Thakt Sahib, Damdama Sahib, and Anandpur Sahib.
- Punjab’s literacy rate is 76.6% higher than India’s literacy average of 74.04%. Punjab is the 14th literate district in India.
- Bhangra and Giddha are traditional dance styles to celebrate the Lohri harvest season.
- Amritsar is one of the major tourist destinations not only in Punjab but also in India which attracts more tourists than the Taj Mahal.
- Economic Facts about Punjab
- Punjab is considered one of the most fertile areas in the world and is also known as the “Granary of India” or “basket of Indian bread”.
- Punjab provides 43 percent wheat and 25% rice in a central lake that ensures national food security. Punjab produces 17% of Indian wheat and 11% of Indian rice (2013 annual data).
- Agriculture is the largest industry in the province. 84% of the land is cultivated.
- Punjab produces 70% of the best quality cotton in India. However, the state capacity of cotton spans age is not good and only works for 1.5% of the total energy in the country.
- Processed for milk in Moga, Amritsar is the largest Punjab plant with 435,000 gallons of processing capacity.
- The main agricultural products of Punjab – Wheat, Rice, Maize, Bajra, jowar, barley, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes, cotton, pulses, and tobacco.
- Dera Bassi, Ludhiana is a large industrial city and is also known as Manchester of India.
- Batala is known for Cast Iron (broadcasting) and mechanical engineering. Batala was also nicknamed the Iron Bird of India due to the large volume of CI production.
- It also has a large number of wrought iron plants found in the “Iron City” in Mandi Gobindgarh in the Fatehgarh Sahib region.
- Other industries in the Punjab region are machinery, textiles, sewing machines, sports, and fertilizers. Punjab and Haryana are the leading provinces with a scientific metal industry.
- Famous people from Punjab
- Aroon Purie – a well-known businessman, CEO of India Today Group, and Editor of India Today Magazine was born in Lahore in the pre-independence Punjab.
- Sunil Mittal – is a well-known businessman and CEO of Bharti Telecom. He was born in Ludhiana, Punjab.
- Sabeer Bhatia – the founder of HotMail, graduated from BITS Pilani and was born in Chandigarh.
- Naresh Goyal – Chairman of Jet Airways was born in Sangrur of Punjab in 1949.
- Amrita Sher Gil – a famous painter born in Budapest (Hungary) to his Punjabi Sikh father. She is also known as the most expensive Indian female artist.
- Har Govind Khurana – was a scientist who received the Nobel Prize in 1968. He later became a US citizen. He was born in Raipur of Punjab (present-day Punjab province in Pakistan).
- Dharmendra – a famous Hindi film actor was born in the Ludhiana region of Punjab.
- Jeetendra – a famous Hindi film actress whose real name is Ravi Kapoor was born in Amritsar.
- Scores of Bollywood actors were born or a genealogy related to the undivided Punjab of British India. Bango-Raj Kapoor, Shammi Kapoor, Sunil Dutt, Balraj Sahni, Rajendra Kumar, Amrish Puri, Rajesh Khanna, Vinod Khanna, Pankaj Kapoor, Veeru Devgan, Gufi Paintal, Anand Bakshi, Yash Chopra.