Everything you need to know about Punjabi wedding practises from A to Z!

When some person give a thought about a Punjabi wedding traditions and ceremony, the foremost impression which is more desire to pop up in your brain is an spendthrift wedding ritual filled with food, loads of singing and dancing! Faith me, there is lots more to a Punjabi wedding than just that. After reading this blog I am certain all your believes pertaining to this will be blown out!!

From some less unknown traditions to standard ones and from plain ceremonies to the more sky high ones- these weddings have it all.

Here is a full blog on Punjabi marriage customs for all you brides-to-be to support you reflect up for an enjoyable ride ahead:

Chunni Ceremony

Punjabi marriage customs

The members of the groom’s family visit the bride’s home with sweets, gifts, jewellery and a red-coloured outfit like a lehenga-choli and saree, along with a red chunni.

The chunni is placed over the head of the bride, this ritual is denoted as chunni chadana.

Sagai or Engagement

Chunni Ceremony

In most Punjabi families this ritual takes place on the similar day as the chunni chadana. Some families like it to be a personal and intimate event, while some people invite a lot of guests and celebrate it in detailed manner. The couple exchange rings as chunk of the ceremony and presents, flowers are offered to the groom and bride.

Mehndi Ceremony

Mehndi Ceremony

Every typical Indian bride cannot avoid the mehndi function and it is an unmissable chunk of wedding ceremony. The punjabi hindu wedding rituals bride gets henna applied on her feet, arms and hands- usually going all out in selecting the most customized design pattern.

Other than the to-be-bride other women and girls (married and unmarried) also get mehndi applied. This ceremony takes place at the bride’s and groom’s houses, with their own set of invitees.



Sometimes, the sangeet function takes place on the similar day, post the mehndi. In some scenario, it takes on a another day altogether. Every element of this function is beautiful, extravagant and too much fun. Games, Dancing, singing and activities keep the guests and the couple busy!

Kangana Bandhna Ceremony

Kangana Bandhna Ceremony

This tradition takes place on the early sunshine of the wedding itself. A mouli or sacred thread is tied on the groom’s and bride’s hand in their own houses respectively. It is examined as a lucky ornament to ward off evil.

Chhodha Chadana

Kangana Bandhna Ceremony

This ritual involves a havan and all family people do participate in this ceremony. The maternal mama/uncle and his wife gift a set of 21 chooda (mostly ivory and red) to the bride.

The bangles are initially purified in rose petals and milk and later the mama puts on the chooda for his niece. However, these chooda are instantly covered with a white cloth, as the bride is not supposed to see them as a tradition. There is faith that seeing the chooda, before the wedding starts may incur bad luck. A custom bride adorns these chooda for a month post her wedding.

Kalire Ceremony

Chhodha Chadana

This ritual is connected to the chooda tradition and takes place instantly after the bride wears the bangles. This gold-coloured accessory actually denotes, care, well-being, fertility and happy conjugal life. These kaleeras are generally encrusted with dried fruits and betel nuts. In a traditional custom, the bride supposed to vibrate the kaleeras over the head of an unmarried chick, whom she desires to see married next to her. If the betel nut falls over her head, it is faith that it is certain she might be next in line to tie the knot!

Haldi Ceremony

Haldi Ceremony

This ritual may take place one day earlier or on the early dusk of the wedding. On some events, it took place at the groom’s and bride’s house individually, while at times it’s assembled together.

The women of the house apply a mix of turmeric, rosewater, mustard oil and sandalwood on the visible chunks of the both the couples body. The new-age haldi ritual are full of fun, merriment, and dancing!

Ghara Ghardoli

Ghara Ghardoli

After the haldi ritual. The bride go with by her cousins goes to a nearby shrine. There, a jug of holy water is stream over her and she enters the holy place sanctorum to seek the Almighty blessings.



Before the wedding functions commence, the bridegroom and his family get together for a puja. As a slice of this, the bridegroom is made to wear a headgear or sehra and a turban, which covered up his face.

Ghodi Sajana and Ghodi Chadhna

The traditional baraat involves the groom, who rides his horse (though things has changed a little bit today (use car instead of horse) and reaches the wedding venue where the traditions take place, with his close family people and buds dancing singing as a chunk of the baraat.

Before the groom starts the journey on the horse, she is decorated and fed a mixture of jaggery and chickpeas.

Agwaani and Milni


This is the most hospitable ritual of the wedding and Punjabis are familiar for these two attributes the most!!

The bride’s family member gives a sweet welcome to the groom and baraatis. This may also include an aarti ritual.

There may or not may not be an exchange of presents and sweets during this milan!

Varmaala / Laawan


This is a simple and tiny ritual wherein the groom and bride exchange garlands and commence the marriage rituals.



This is a rather sentimental and touching wedding ritual. The bride father offers his daughter’s hand (literally) in the hands of her groom and asks him to treat her with care, respect, attention and love!

Mangal Phere


The couple has to round round around the holy fire seven times. For the initial three rounds, the bride leads from the front and for the remaining circles, the groom leads. Every round is emblematic and with every pledge the couple is supposed to take a oath towards their married life, while the priest declaim mantras. After these end, the priest say them married.

Joota Chupai

Joota Chupai

While the groom and bride is occupied with the marriage ritual, the bride’s sisters hide groom shoes and later on demand a price from him, if he needs them shoes back. All this is done for pure enjoyment and in jest. After a lot of bargaining between the two sides, they finally come to an negotiation and the groom pays a certain amount of cash for his shoes.



This is heart-tug chunk of the wedding ritual. The bride has to bid goodbye to her family and her ‘maayka’. She toss a handful of rice over her shoulder in her family’s direction, express out respect towards them for caring and giving love to her. She then sits in her groom’s car and leaves for her new sweet home.

Paani Bharna

Paani Bharna

When the newlywed couple reach out household, the groom’s mom does the bride’s aarti with a jar of water. After each round, the bride’s mother-in-law try to put a sample of water, however, the bride stop her from doing so, until the seventh try. The bride then overturns a pot of kalash or rice, with her right foot and enters the home.

Mooh Dikhai Ki Rasm

Mooh Dikhai Ki Rasm

Initially, the family wants blessings from the household God. Basically, the bride is seated in front of friends and family and her veil is lift up, for everyone to look out at her face. She is then showered with jewellery, gifts, and money by the elder people.

Reception Ceremony

Reception Ceremony

A extravagant and lavish party is thrown in welcome of the newlyweds by the groom’s family member. This function is filled sumptuous meals, singing and a lot of dancing and greeting.

Pag Phera

Pag Phera

A day after the wedding ceremony, the newlyweds are welcomed by the bride’s family people for a tiny gathering or a dinner. Close family and buds of the bride are available at this get-together.

What must I expect at Punjabi wedding?

During this promising event, the bride sit up and gets complex Henna paste pattern painted onto her arms, hands, shins and feet. The full time she is surrounded by her female family and buds who celebrate her soon-to-be union through dance, music, and a night of fun activities as a festival.

At what age do Punjabi chicks get married?

As per to the ministry’s figures, in Jammu and Kashmir, women are getting married at an average age of 23.3 years. The corresponding figure for Punjab 22.2, Kerala is 22.8; for Himachal Pradesh and Delhi 22.1 each; for Gujarat 21, for Maharashtra 20.9; and for Karnataka 20.3.

How many days is a Punjabi wedding?

Over the course of five days, every meal will be cooked in Karahi for everyone to enjoy. An example of a ritual that might take place during this time is denoted as the Warna, or the blessing of money.

How does a Punjabi wedding really work?

Punjabi Weddings are usually celebrated by dancing on DJ or folk songs and singing with the new family relatives and buds. Originally, sangeet is an event specifically for women’s but as times has changed, so did the custom. Now, men have become a slice of this event to enjoy the modernized version of dancing and singing to DJ or Punjabi music.

What is Punjabi wedding denoted?

In a Sikh wedding, the groom and bride will walk in tow around the Guru Granth Sahib four times, denoted laavaan. This signify they do not only accept each other as one soul in two body figures, but also as the Guru as the center of their marriage thing. Joota chupai literally denotes hiding the shoes of a groom.

Why do Punjabi brides do wear Chooda?

Famous significantly among Punjabi brides-to-be, the wedding chooda denotes the starting of their wedded life cycle ahead. Although now the chooda has become pretty a fashion statement among girls, it is traditionally considered to be an necessary and promising Shringar of a newly married bride.

What do we say Roka in Punjabi?

A traditional Punjabi wedding has multiple functions that lead to the big day. It starts with a roka ceremony, which is a plain event mostly attended by close family people. … It means the starting up of a relationship between two families, who will then discuss about a wedding date.

What occurs in Punjabi engagement?

It is an official engagement ritual which do takes place either at groom’s home or might be  in the Gurudwara. The rings are exchanged and also the family of the bride provides kara (Sikh bangle) to the groom. Then dried dates are fed to the groom by the grandfather after which drinks and food are enjoyed by all.

Who takes chooda off?

Bridal chura is something that one can’t take off herself. For this too, another ritual is performed denoted as ‘Chura Wadhana’. In this ceremony, the bride’s sister-in-law is the only one who can unfasten it from the bride’s wrist.

How many red bangles are in chooda?

Traditionally there are 21 bangles, although more newly the bride do often wears 7, 9 or 11 bangles.

What color do Punjabi brides usually wear?

Up until modern brides started play with the custom, Indian brides do wear out saffron red to their wedding rituals for centuries. But there is no hard and fast rule for the color thing. You go with your taste.

Can we wear Chooda again?

Traditionally, you can replace your bangles from 1 to 3 times. But there is no lock in numbers, you do wear a new Punjabi chuda on any ceremony or special anniversary time.

Who ties Kalire?

The tale behind Punjabi Kalire. Tied to the bride by her siblings, Mamas and dear ones these are tokens of blessings and good luck. In the older times, they were usually produce up of either silver or gold or with cord of dry fruits like foxnuts and coconuts.

Who brings out bride Kalire?

Usually, a set of 21 choodas or bangles in maroon /red and ivory /white is chosen for this ritual by the bride’s maternal aunt (mami) and uncle (mama). They gift the bangles to the bride during the ceremony.

What do we mean by takha?

This is a pre marriage ritual in which the groom and bride commit for wedding in front of their family people.  It is hosted by bride’s family, and some people of groom’s family side are invited to the great event.

What do we mean by Shagun in Punjabi wedding?

A tiny dot of henna is applied on bride palm to mark the ritual auspicious. These gifts to the girl are denoted as Shagun. Sangeet – The Sangeet is a musical party usually set out by the bride’s family.

Does Sikh wedding do have kanyadan?

In Hindu weddings, this tradition is familiar as ‘kanyadaan’. ‘Kanya’ translates to chik and ‘daan’ denotes ‘donation’. In Sikh culture, only the father supposed to give away the bride, do create up the ritual even much sweet one than it already is. … In most Christian weddings too, it is the father who offers the bride away.

Who do wear out white Chura?

Choora usually worn by a Punjabi Bride. A Punjabi bride wear up Ivory bangles in red and white color which is covered with glitters and stones. A vibrant chuda wearing ritual is held on the early sunshine of the wedding, where the bride’s maternal uncle offers her a set of bangles after washing them in milk.

What is Kaleera drop ritual?

Historically, a bride’s buds and sisters tie up these kaleeras on her wrist as a manner to bless the marriage ceremony. After the ritual is over, the bride try to drop a kaleera on the heads of her bridesmaids. If it drops on to someone, this human is supposed to be the next in sync to get married.

When could you take your Choora off?

Traditionally, the girl is supposed to wear this chooda for at least 40 days after the wedding day. Well, while a lot of woman excitedly wait to wear these bangles, many of them feared them as well.

Why do chooda covered?

Historically, the Chooda or (the bangles) are covered by a handkerchief/ napkin or a pink / white cloth. This is because it is considering ill-fated for the bride to look her own chooda before the wedding. So the bride closes her own eyes, the uncles make her wear the chooda and then cover it up!

Cover up and ignore revealing clothing. Reveal out clothes, Cleavage, and mini dresses that clings to the body is not wise if you’re wondering what to wear to a Punjabi wedding as a guest. For men, long-sleeve dress shirts, heavy punjabi wedding suits and trousers or classic suits are the good appropriate options.

How do everyone perform the Chura ceremony?

Many Indian brides still select to wear an odd number of chooras on each arm and are pretty auspicious. The chooras are fix up on the bride’s hand by her maternal uncle(s). Once the chooda is on the bride, kalira (dangly gold embellishments) can be tie up onto it by the sisters of the bride.

What do we say Sagan in Punjabi?

This Sagan Punjabi marriage custom is placed out either at the groom’s home, depending on the number of friends and relatives attending. The father of the brides put up a tikka on the groom’s forehead and provide him gifts.

What do we say engagement called in Punjabi?

Kurmai (engagement)

Engagement is a necessary slice of a Punjabi wedding. First, the woman is draped with a fulkari (very decorative chunni), which is generally very ornate. In few family hierarchy, this dupatta is a family heirloom, passed down from one generation to another.

What does a Punjabi bride wear?

The customary Punjabi bridal wear is Salwar and Kameez along with a steadily embroidered Dupatta which will cover the head. The Kameez is basically a is long enough to reach the knee fitted top. Usually the outfit is in hues of Red with a lot of ornamentation intricately decorated with unique sequence and motifs.

What occurs in a Punjabi wedding?

It comprises of many customs, Jaggo fireworks, the Batna, Choora and sometimes the Mehndi and Ladies Sangeet. The mayian occurs the night before the wedding thing and is performed as per to which chunk of Punjab the relatives and friends are from. Vatna/Haldi: Four diyas and lamps are set alight and the bride sits facing them.

How long do Punjabi weddings last?

It really depends on how long the couple and their family require the wedding ritual to last, along with the reception. Generally, the Anand Karaj lasts about three to two hours. However, the couple may include other celebrations that are not necessary for a traditional Punjabi wedding.

What do we say Jago in Punjabi wedding?

Often denoted staying awake, the Jago ceremony includes the family people of the bride and groom, in their respective place of residence, to stay up all night. The plan is to celebrate the wedding and make merry by partying and dancing.

Why is Chooda dipped in milk?

A havan or puja is generally organised during the chooda ritual. The bangles are foremost purified with rose petals and milk. Before it is placed up on the bride’s arm by her maternal uncle, all the nearby family people touch the bangles as a mark of blessings.

Do Punjabis do wear Mangalsutra?

Wearing the chooda is basically a indian punjabi wedding tradition which is followed by Punjabi Sikhs, Hindus and the Bhabra community or Punjabi Jains. Mangalsutra and Sindhoor— are other adornments worn by married girl. The custom is also found in Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, and Rajasthan.

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