Earthquake is a natural disaster. Even when the environmental cycle has deteriorated, the number of earthquakes has increased more than ever before. However, Japan has the highest number of earthquakes in the world. But efforts have also been made to reduce the damage there. The highest number of earthquakes in the country are expected at Guwahati, Srinagar, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Pune, Kochi, Kolkata, Patna, Thiruvananthapuram by 2050.
The estimate was released in the World Bank and United Nations report. So let us know why earthquakes occur:
In fact, there are 7 plates inside the earth that rotate. This is called plate tectonic in English and plate tectonics in Hindi. Where these plates are takari, there is a zone false line fall. When the plates are repeated, the corners start turning. When more pressure builds up, the plates begin to break down. Energy from the earth tries to come out, which impairs the speed. And an earthquake situation arises.
The scale from which an earthquake is investigated is called a richter magnitude test. The intensity of an earthquake is measured from 1 to 9 basis. An earthquake is measured from its center. This is called the epicentre. Energy from inside the earth during earthquakes. How intense it is measured by the epicentre and the risk of an earthquake is estimated
Threat of earthquake going through richter scale:
Between 0 and 1.9 – it is only revealed by the sysmograph.
Between 2 and 2.9 – light vibration begins.
Between 3 and 3.9 – you stand near the moving train.
Between 4 and 4.9 – The hanging clock on the walls, the frame begins to move.
Between 5 and 5.9 – furniture starts moving.
Between 6 and 6.9 – cracks in buildings, likely damage to upper floors.
Between 7 and 7.9 – Pipes burst inside the ground, buildings start falling.
Between 8 and 8.9 – the tsunami risk increases, with buildings increasing the chances of large bridges falling.
9 and above – this is the biggest catastrophe point. If the sea is around, the possibility of tsunami increases. Man will be seen waving the earth.
How to Save Lives when an Earthquake Strikes?
An earthquake cannot be predicted. But build new houses keeping in mind the earthquake. Check the land before constructing the house. Can they build houses in view of the earthquake or not? If there is a sudden earthquake, let everyone go to the open field first. If you are trapped in the house, hide inside the table or bed. You can also go to the terrace or stand in a corner of the house. But the option is to get out of the house.